MHMBCOC W.A.R. Bible Study – Christian Family Value System Part 5c

Dr. Oscar T. Moses

Mount Hermon Missionary Baptist Church of Chicago

W.A.R. Bible Study

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Christian Family Value System – Part 5c

Establishing Christian Responsibility to Civil Community and Governmental Society – (Motivation)

Romans 13:11-14

Paul outlines this chapter with 3 distinct markers; Law Acclimated, Love Activated and Lord Anticipated. Today, we will examine Lord Anticipated.

Lord Anticipated

The apostle is describing the life of the Christian as it should be interpreted by the world. The world should interpret the Christian as “anticipating” the return of Christ. The theological reference for this event is called eschatology. The word “eschatology” means that this age we now live in will come to an end. It defines the study of end time events or culmination of this life and transformation to God’s eternal plan. The Christian Family Value System motivates the Christian to live a life with Godly values anticipating the return of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. This event is called the “Parousia” or the second coming of Christ. We are to be alert, attentive and anticipatory of the return of Christ. Time to the Christian is an urgent matter. The Christian Family Value System teaches us to live decent lives for all to see


What is the reason for this exhortation? Paul wants the Christian to know that Jesus Christ will return sooner than we expect. Time, of course, is not so straightforward for the Christian: the “night” (see also Romans 12:2; Galatians 1:4) while far gone, is still present; the day is dawning, but is not fully present. Sin and death have been defeated in Christ, but the old age has not yet been fully set aside. Those who belong to the new age—who have accepted the Lord Jesus Christ are not immune from the temptations to return to old behavior. However, Jesus compels believers to walk away from darkness with a sense of urgency and great anticipation of His return. 

Verse 11– And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed. – “Knowing the time”. The “time” Paul uses is “Kairos”, which is a point of time or a period of time. KAIROS time has nothing to do with CRONOS time. CRONOS time is where we get the word chronological time as detailed by a clock or a watch. KAIROS time refers to God’s time. In this verse, time is presented as an event that one should not take lightly. The warning in this verse is that the Christian must remain alert. Hence the meaning for “awake out of sleep” and not abide in darkness. This verse is a metaphor suggesting awaking out of darkness. Night or darkness is a metaphor that refers to the world without Christ or those who are not saved. The concept of “sleep” refers to useless or sinful activity. The command is to awake out of sleep or darkness because morning (the light) is coming. This is a metaphor for the day of salvation or the nearness of the return of Jesus Christ. This verse is a warning that the return of Christ is closer than when we first believed (or closer that when we were first saved). This verse is based on the fact that the Lord is coming soon. 

Verse 12– The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light. The enlightenment of the Christian is that he or she is aware or is knowledgeable of information that the world is not conscientious of. The Christian is conscience of the time; the night is far spent, the day is at hand. Therefore, we must live with a sense of urgency and “cast off the works of darkness” and let our little lights shine.  “Cast off” and “put on” are seen as metaphoric acts of undressing and dressing. We are to undress by taking off the dead man’s clothes of sin and putting on the living clothing of salvation in Jesus Christ. The metaphor means to take off the darkness of sin and putting on the behavior reflecting the light of salvation.

Verse 13 – Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying. Six items are given to “cast off”:  rioting, drunkenness, chambering and wantonness, (Chambering and wantonness refers to sleeping around sexually and over indulgence) and not in strife and envying. NLT –Because we belong to the day, we must live decent lives for all to see. Don’t participate in the darkness of wild parties and drunkenness, or in sexual promiscuity and immoral living, or in quarreling and jealousy.

Verse 14 – But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof. How do we do that? Paul answers part of the question by giving an action to go against the six indulgences in verse 13. He simply says, “Make not provision for the flesh.” “Provision” means not to give forethought or plan ahead to engage in those things. The Christian must intentionally block the six items in verse 13 out of their life and immolate Jesus Christ. NLT – Instead, clothe yourself with the presence of the Lord Jesus Christ. And don’t let yourself think about ways to indulge your evil desires.

Biblical Text Questions

  1. What “time” is Paul making reference to?
  2. What does Paul mean when he says, “It’s high time to awake out of sleep”?
  3. Why does Paul emphasize our salvation is nearer than when we first believed? 
  4. What does Paul mean when he say the night is far spent, and the day is at hand? 
  5. How does 1 Thessalonians 5:8, Ephesians 5:11, and Ephesians 6:11apply to verse 12?
  6. How does Galatians 5:21 compare to verse 13?
  7. How does Galatians 3:27 and Romans 8:13 compare to verse 14?

Make it Plain

  1. What does eschatology mean?
  2. What does Parousia mean?
  3. How does this passage warn us to keep our eyes open?
  4. Why is it urgent that the church embrace a Christian Family Value System?
  5. Why do you suppose some people not value the study of God’s Word with all of the warnings that are given?
  6. What does a Christian Family Value System mean?

In Him!

Dr. Oscar T. Moses

Rights reserved by Dr. Oscar T. Moses – “Christian Family Value System” – W.A.R. Bible Studies – 2019

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